Every men can develop prostate cancer, in order to advise this public about the importance of prevention and self-care that the Blue November campaign came about, it is an awareness campaign taken by various entities and focused at society, especially men, to highlight the importance of regularly seeing an urologist and to do periodic examinations indicated by the specialists.
In Brazil, prostate cancer is the second most common type of cancer among the male public, just behind skin cancer (non-melanoma). The good news is that there are great chances of healing when the disease is early diagnosed.
Learn How to Identify Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer usually does not bring symptoms in the initial stage. For this reason, men need to be aware of the importance of seeing regularly an urologist, besides performing periodic exams indicated by the specialist. Blood tests may indicate changes in the prostate and the results should be combined with the prostate exam, which also reveal possible irregularities or nodules.
How does the prostate exam work?
In 80% of cases, prostate cancer does not begin inside the prostate but in the more peripheral areas of the prostate, presenting a nodule. To identify that, it is imperative to perform the prostate exam, a quick and painless procedure, simpler than many patients imagine. The purpose is to allow the urologist to find rigid areas or irregularities on the surface of the prostate.
The prostate tumor can be treated with surgery, radiotherapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, protein therapy or some combination of them. The method of treatment will depend on the medical evaluation and the results of the exams.
How to predict prostate problems?
Although it is a silent disease, and therefore it is important to do regularly exams, it is possible for you to notice that something is wrong with your prostate.
If the prostate presents some kind of abnormality, it will directly affect the process of urinating, since the canal that empties the bladder passes through the prostate. That is why it is necessary to observe how often the patient urinates, how often he wakes up at night to urinate, the intensity of the urine stream, his control and how he feels after emptying the bladder.
Consequences of Prostate Surgery
Radical prostatectomy is the most appropriate procedure for cases of prostate cancer, but it can cause some consequences.
Because it interferes directly with the nerves passing close to the prostate, patients become predisposed to develop erectile dysfunctions, which can be total or partial. This condition should not be ignored since erectile problems always have treatment. The most important thing is to ensure you a good health, life quality and well-being.
Due to the reduction in the number of erections after prostate removal, especially involuntary ones, the tissues of the penis can develop fibroses that can lead to a decrease of the size and thinning of caliber of the penis. Many men have difficulty in dealing with this question, after all, no one wants the penis to be smaller or thinner. Like erectile dysfunction, this problem can also be solved by a procedure based on the principles of the Egydio Technique, to regain penile size and caliber.
Finally, another possible effect of prostate removal surgery is urinary incontinence. The type of treatment indicated, surgical or non-surgical, will depend on the clinical condition.
The good news is that prostate cancer has a 90% chance of healing, and the sooner the disease is diagnosed, that probability only increases. That is why it is important to do preventive treatments.
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Dr. Paulo Egydio
MD, PhD, Dedicado no Tratamento da Doença de Peyronie, Pênis Curvo e Implante de Próteses Penianas. Doutor em Urologia pela USP, CRM 67482, RQE 19514. - Vencedor do Debate do Sobrevivente da AUA em 2019.